How is high blood pressure related to kidney diseases?

  • Aug 20, 2022
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High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, occurs when a person experiences blood pressure higher than normal throughout the day. When a person consistently experiences a rise in blood pressure, it results in a diagnosis of high blood pressure. The risk factor involved is directly proportional to the blood pressure.


After reviewing your systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels, our health care team can diagnose high blood pressure. Based on that, they prescribe the best-suited treatment. If the patient consistently faces a blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg or higher, it is categorized as high blood pressure.

What are the signs and symptoms of high blood pressure?


Due to lack of symptoms often, people suffering from high blood pressure don't realize it in the initial stage of this disease. Due to the nature of this disease, it is known as the silent killer as there is no warning. Measuring your blood pressure at regular intervals is the best way to see if you have high blood pressure or not.

What causes high blood pressure?

This disease develops over time. Even though various factors can affect maintaining an unhealthy lifestyle plays a major role, not getting enough regular physical activity is a good example of a disturbed lifestyle. Some Health conditions can also increase the risk of developing high blood pressure. During pregnancy, the chances of being diagnosed with high blood pressure increase.

What problems does high blood pressure cause?


High blood pressure can affect our health in many ways. Vital organs like your heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes have a high chance of facing the repercussions of this disease. High blood pressure can be managed by working on nutrition and working out daily.

Heart Attack and Heart Disease

By making our arteries less elastic High blood pressure can damage them. This ultimately decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to our heart that can cause:

Constant Chest pain

When the blood supply to your heart is blocked due to lack of oxygen, your heart dies. The damage caused by these diseases is directly proportional to the longer the blood flow is blocked. A condition in which our heart can't pump enough blood and oxygen to our vital organs is known as heart failure.


Kidney Disease

A gradual loss of kidney function is known as chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure. It involves: excess fluids and wastes being flushed from your blood, which is later flushed out in the form of urine. Dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes might build up in our bodies in the case of advanced kidney disease. Kidneys disease are often left untouched in the early stages. This disease starts reflecting symptoms in the intermediate step. Its treatment involves slowing the progress of the decline in kidney functioning. Without artificial filtering or kidney transplantation, chronic kidney diseases can increase till the last stage.

Relation between heart disease and Kidney failure

Our vital organs are linked together by a network of arteries and veins. When there's a problem with one important organ, things might go south elsewhere. Since the heart and kidneys work very closely together, even a small fraction in any of them can have dangerous consequences.

Our heart is responsible for continuously supplying blood and oxygen to the rest of our bodies. It is our kidney's sole responsibility to purify the blood, extract waste and maintain the fluid balance in our body.

Heart failure is considered a significant risk factor for kidney disease. If our heart doesn't pump regularly, it creates a shortage of blood in the body, ultimately causing increased pressure in the main vein connected to other vital organs like the kidney.


Due to the reduced supply of oxygenated blood, our kidneys suffer greatly. Due to the lack of oxygen, the hormone system that regulates the blood pressure sends a single to the brain that the heart needs to pump more blood for our kidneys. As a result, the heart is forced to pump more against the higher pressure in the arteries and veins.

This is how high blood pressure and kidney diseases are related. Both the vital parts get into a loop of the heart not being able to deliver enough blood to the kidneys while simultaneously demanding more oxygenated blood, ultimately resulting in an overall system collapse.

It's important to get yourself regularly checked in any case. If you are facing heart-related problems, it is suggested that you get yourself tested for kidney functioning since both of these diseases go hand in hand. Both depend on each other for the proper functioning of our body and other vital organs.

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