Hemorrhoids – All You Need To Know About Piles

  • Aug 12, 2022
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Hemorrhoids are also known as piles and are a common problem amongst people. It is the swollen veins inside the rectum or outside the anus that can cause anal itching and pain and rectal bleeding. Many times its symptoms improve with home remedies, but sometimes people need proper medical attention. Eating more fiber can help prevent hemorrhoids.


What do you understand by Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are enlarged and swollen veins that take place inside and outside the anus and rectum. These hemorrhoids can be uncomfortable, can cause rectal bleeding, and is painful. Hemorrhoids are also known as piles. We all have hemorrhoids by birth, but it’s just at baseline; they don’t disturb us. They only bother us when they become enlarged and swollen and start to produce irritating symptoms.

Hemorrhoids can be internal or external. Internal hemorrhoids forms within the anus or rectum. Where as External hemorrhoids forms outside of the anus.

External hemorrhoids are common and the most troublesome. It can cause severe itching, pain, and difficulty in sitting. Thankfully, they’re treatable.

Piles can be of different types.

Hemorrhoids are not a serious medical condition, but still, one should see a healthcare professional right away if the hemorrhoids are causing pain or disturbing the bowel movements and regular activities.

Hemorrhoids can develop outside or inside the rectum. The type of hemorrhoid depends on where the swollen vein forms.

Types include:

Internal Hemorrhoids

It is a type of hemorrhoid located inside the rectum. Many times they are not visible and disappear without any treatment. Sometimes internal hemorrhoids can cause swelling, and when it happens, it can rise out of the anus.


Often, it is not known if the person has internal hemorrhoids. If hemorrhoids expand, the person can experience more symptoms. This can include a protrusion that you can actually feel like a soft lump, along with burning, cutting, or itching sensations and sometimes severe pain.

Prolapsed Hemorrhoids

It can occur when internal hemorrhoids swell and stick out of the anus. The doctor can assign a grade to prolapsed hemorrhoid based on how far it protrudes:

Grade one – These hemorrhoids are not prolapsed in any manner.

Grade two – These hemorrhoids are prolapsed but also retract on their own. They can protrude from the anus at some times.

Grade three – Hemorrhoids that are prolapsed hemorrhoids stick out of the anus and require people to push them back in themselves. It is possible if a person is experiencing this, he may want to consider some sort of treatment to avoid possible infections or to limit discomfort.

Grade four – These hemorrhoids are big enough that one cannot easily push them back into their anus without a notable amount of discomfort and pain. In such cases, it’s highly suggested that one should consult with their physician to explore more treatment options.


External Hemorrhoids

It appears on the anus. People can’t always see them, but they tend to appear like lumps. These types of hemorrhoids are basically not a serious issue unless they are causing discomfort that affects anyone’s daily life negatively. Symptoms of external hemorrhoids seem to be similar to other types, which include pain while going to the bathroom – especially if doing certain activities, straining, and sitting for prolonged periods.

Thrombosed Hemorrhoids

This type of hemorrhoid has a blood clot in the hemorrhoid tissue. They can appear around the anus as swelling or lumps.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids are basically an impediment of hemorrhoids, in which a blood clot forms.

Blood clots can happen in both types of hemorrhoids, internal and external, and the symptoms can include:

  • Severe itchiness and pain
  • Bluish color around the area of the hemorrhoid
  • Redness and swelling

One should see their doctor as soon as possible if they notice immense pain, inflammation, or itchiness around the anal and rectal area. Thrombosed hemorrhoids should be treated immediately to prevent further complications.


Symptoms Of Hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids hardly cause any pain until and unless they prolapse. People with internal hemorrhoids don’t even know that they have them because they don’t show any symptoms.

If a person has symptoms of internal hemorrhoids, they might see blood on a stool, on a toilet paper, or on the toilet bowl. These are the signs of rectal bleeding.

Symptoms of external hemorrhoids include:

  • Itching in anus
  • Pain in the anus, especially when a person sits
  • Hard lumps around the anus that feel tender or sore
  • Rectal bleeding

Hemorrhoids that prolapse can be uncomfortable and painful. One can feel them stick outside the anus and sensitively push them back inside.

What causes Hemorrhoids?

Veins around the anus seem to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. There are various causes for piles. Hemorrhoids can appear from increased pressure in the lower rectum because of:

Chronic constipation – Wrenching to move stool puts additional pressure on the blood vessel walls, which can lead to hemorrhoids.

Anal Intercourse – Anal Intercourse can cause new hemorrhoids or can worsen the existing ones.

Sitting for too long – Being in a seated position for a long time, especially on the toilet, can be the reason for causing hemorrhoids.

Pregnancy – At the time of pregnancy, tissues present in the rectum become weaker, and hormones cause veins to swell and relax.

Aging – Hemorrhoids are very common among adults over the age of 50 years. Although, children and young people can also get hemorrhoids.

Being Obese – Being overweight increases the chance of hemorrhoids. This may result from increased pressure within the abdomen.

Diarrhea – Eating low-fiber foods can lead to hemorrhoids.

Home remedies for treating Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are a common problem among adults that can cause immense pain and discomfort if not treated on time or left untreated. It can be treated at home or at the doctor’s place. It’s one’s own personal choice where they want to get treated.

Piles ( Hemorrhoids) usually go away on their own without any kind of treatment in a time period of a few weeks. Luckily, there are useful home remedies for hemorrhoids to help treat with or avoid hemorrhoids altogether.


Coconut Oil – Coconut oil, which is generally available everywhere, is a natural moisturizer that can help with hemorrhoid symptoms. Regularly applying coconut oil can reduce swelling and irritation, and it can also help reduce the urge to itch.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera – Aloe vera has been used by various people to treat a distinct variety of issues. The Aloe Vera plant has anti-inflammatory properties that affect the body and can help heal wounds. Aloe can provide relief from the itching, burning, and swelling when applied to the anus.


Witch Hazel – Hemorrhoids can easily become more inflamed and irritated, so one should be cautious about what is placed on or near them. People apply witch hazel directly to the external hemorrhoids to find some relief. Natural witch hazel is an astringent that has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Witch hazel is known to reduce contuse.


Ice-Packs – Applying ice or something cold to hemorrhoids can help relieve inflammation and pain. Applying an ice pack when hemorrhoid flares up or while sitting can help reduce swelling temporarily and also numb pain. People should always wrap the ice in a towel to avoid any damage to the skin. Leave the ice pack for 15 minutes and repeat the same process hourly.


Warm Baths – Sitting in a filled warm water tub enough to cover the legs can help to reduce the swelling and irritation caused because of hemorrhoids. People also choose to add other ingredients to the bath to reduce any further symptoms. These ingredients can be a cup of apple cider vinegar or Epsom salts.

Ayurveda in treating Hemorrhoids

Ayurveda is a conventional medicinal practice. It has been originated in India, and today it’s been practiced all over the world. Ayurvedic medicines are holistic in nature, and take care of the conditions of the mind, body, and spirit. It’s related to maintaining the body balance to ease symptoms of illness. Ayurvedic treatment for piles is the best treatment.

There are three doshas, vata, pitta and Kapha. Every dosha relates to a particular element and a person with one supreme dominant dosha will display emotional or physical characteristics congruous with that element. The final goal in Ayurveda is to balance all three doshas. And this is done with a combination of herbal remedies, diet, and lifestyle modifications.

Ayurvedic Medicines For Hemorrhoids:

There are various ayurvedic medicines for Hemorrhoids(Piles) such as Arsh Karma Capsules & Herbal Oil, Medrasayan Vati, and Agniharitaki Granules. These medicines are 100% ayurvedic with no added colors and artificial flavors. They are made with several natural herbs and ingredients that are extracted naturally from the environment. These ayurvedic medicines have no side effects which make them perfect for use.

Herbs Present In The Medicines

Neem – Neem leaves help in reducing ulcers and other issues like cramping, constipation, and bloating.

Jamun – It’s antacid property prevents acid formation in the stomach and also helps prevents irregular bowel movements.

Kiker – It has Keshya property that helps in decreasing intestinal motility and also helps in managing piles.

Harad chhoti – It benefits the digestive tract because it increases appetite, and improves digestion and absorption. It effectively treats hemorrhoids and treats gastrointestinal infections.

Nagkeshar – It aids to manage problems like indigestion, and piles, because of its properties of digestion balance.

Harad – Harad is good for the digestive tract. It is helpful in increasing appetite, and also improves absorption and digestion. It is most effective for treating diarrhea, piles, and gastrointestinal infections.

Pipal – Soft stems of peepal tree can help you in treating bleeding piles. And it is also helpful for stomach pain.


Piles can go away on their own if the right treatment is taken at on right time. By making simple lifestyle and dietary changes, one can help avoid a recurrence and can lead a peaceful and comfortable life. And people with hemorrhoids can also use home tablets, ointments, and other home remedies to relieve the discomfort.

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